In middle ages the average age was 35 because of wars and illnesses. In twenteeth century the increase in science and medicine changed the avarege age of the people. Today there are approximately seven million people in the world. In China the population is nearly more than one billion and In India more than 700.000. Nearly ¼ of the world population is from these two countries. In order to get the stabilization of population most femailes should have two children. In underdeveloped countries the rate of birth is high but the rate of death is high either. In developed countries, all these rates are low; for instance in Europe the population is decreasing. Contrary, in developing countries it is incresing. Turkey is one of these countries.
The prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in Turkey offered every family to have three children, even more. The avarage age was 65 in Turkey some decades ago. Nowadays it is increasing. Most people leave till 80’s. Years ago the hospitals were only in big citites like İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir, ect… After eigties the hospitals are builded in every city in Turkey. The number of hospitals, doctors and medicine services increased the age of death but most of the women in Turkey are still housewifes and they contunie to have a lot of children. It means that; in near future the population growth will increase.
Some people and the religion approves this situation but have shall we leave in such crowds. The traffic and other environmental problems can not be solved. To find clean wather, cheap food, cheap electric will be difficult in near future. Also the wages of the retired people will decrease. Turkey still has a young population but not as young as the former years so a problem will occur in social security system so the prime minister offering three children to the families in order to keep the population young.
What young people means? It means, consumption and it is necessary fort the economy. Otherwise; a problem just like in Germany may occur. In Germany the rate of the young people in population is very low. The rate of the retired people is high (because they are living till 80’s, 90’s) so, the German social security system had a problem in optaining money for retired people.
In spite of these reality isn’t there any other solution. The world is not big enough. People are increasingly living in the cities and the cities are fed up. In İstanbul some people are thinking to leave the city and to go to Mediterinian coasts. Of course Mediterrenian is a nice place to leave but only for retired people. Nearly all business opportunities are in the crowded big cities. In my opinion; instead of increasing the population the governments should focus on increasing the per capita income of the people. The world is more beautiful with less people, more forests.